Here Are the Best Countries to Move to Thanks to Climate Change

Here Are the Best Countries to Move to Thanks to Climate Change

Harrowing climate change disasters like the Hawaii wildfires or ongoing periods of extreme temperatures like what people faced over the summer in the South and Southwest may have you considering a move to a cooler locale. The Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative (ND-GAIN) measures data around climate change, including a country’s vulnerability and preparedness.

According to ND-GAIN, “Vulnerability measures a country’s exposure, sensitivity and ability to adapt to the negative impact of climate change. ND-GAIN measures the overall vulnerability by considering vulnerability in six life-supporting sectors – food, water, health, ecosystem service, human habitat and infrastructure.”

Here are the 15 least vulnerable countries.

1. Switzerland

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Thanks to its inland geography, Northern location, and Alpine elevation, Switzerland takes the top spot. It’s also ranked 10th for preparedness.

2. Norway

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Norway’s existing high standard of living means the climate could get much hotter before people faced challenges with hunger or healthcare. It’s ranked 3rd for preparedness.

3. Czech Republic

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Like Switzerland, Czechia benefits from its inland location. If you’re looking for a country to move to, and Switzerland is out of reach financially, the Czech Republic is much more affordable. It’s ranked 34th for preparedness.

4. Finland

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Like Norway, Finland combines an extreme Northern location with a high amount of preparedness. Its biggest risk is flooding, especially in coastal Helsinki, but being the 5th-most prepared country helps mitigate that risk.

5. United Kingdom

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Despite being an island, the UK’s Northern location makes it less vulnerable than you might expect. Its biggest challenges are its high urban density, dam capacity, and agriculture capacity. It’s ranked 15th for preparedness.

6. Germany

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Germany’s spacious and mountainous geography in Northwestern Europe makes it less vulnerable than warmer countries. Changing flood hazards could affect the country, though. It’s ranked 11th for preparedness.

7. Austria

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Austria fares similarly to its neighbor Germany, with a possible increased risk of flooding in future, but the hills are alive with the sound of low vulnerability to climate change. The county is ranked 16th for preparedness.

7. (tie) Canada

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Massive Canada is tied with tiny Austria for 7th-most vulnerable country, but certain parts of the country, like coastal Vancouver are more vulnerable. This year’s wildfires may also indicate a weakness in preparedness, where it’s ranked 20th.

9. New Zealand

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Annual water runoff could affect future agriculture in New Zealand, but the country is well-positioned to adapt. It’s ranked 9th for preparedness.

10. Sweden

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Sweden falls a little behind its Nordic neighbors in vulnerability, owing some to its higher population density in Stockholm as compared to Oslo or Helsinki. Still, it’s well-positioned to combat climate change, and it’s ranked 7th in preparedness.

11. Ireland

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The Emerald Isle and its cool, foggy nature make it less vulnerable than many islands its size. Its dependence on imported energy is a risk, and it’s ranked 26th for preparedness.

12. Spain

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Spain is the first entry on the list that’s a warm country with easy visa options for Americans. Its lower cost of living also makes it a strong draw for students, young families, and retirees. Climate change could affect its long-term ability to produce grains, and it’s ranked 42nd for preparedness.

13. Luxembourg

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Tiny Luxembourg is less vulnerable than most countries to climate change, but it may need help with resources over time. It’s ranked 17th for preparedness.

14. France

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Francophiles will delight to see France on the list. Like in many European countries, dam capacity and urban concentrations are risks. It’s ranked 19th for preparedness.

15. Slovenia

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Slovenia has lots to offer Americans moving abroad. It’s ranked in the top 10% of all countries for both healthcare and safety. Add low vulnerability to climate change to that list. It’s ranked 25th for preparedness.

Thinking About Moving to a Safer Country? Here Are the Top 25 Options

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What are the safest countries in the world? The Legatum Prosperity Index (LPI), an annual ranking system that measures nations on a dozen measures of social progress, guides us to finding the answers. Where does the U.S. fall on the list?

Thinking About Moving to a Safer Country? Here Are the Top 25 Options

How to Leave America: 6 Steps to Your New Life

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Are you thinking about leaving the United States? You’re not alone; as many as 15% percent of Americans say they want to leave the country permanently.

How to Leave America: 6 Steps to Your New Life

Americans: Want to Escape the US? Here Are the 10 Easiest Countries to Move To

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More Americans are moving abroad than ever before. Thanks to digital tools like language translation apps and Google maps along with options for remote work, it’s easier now to make a big move abroad. Combined with challenging times in the United States and ever-present wanderlust, people of all ages are seeking greener pastures.

Here are our picks for the 10 easiest countries to move to, along with the visa options that will get you there.

The 10 Easiest Countries to Move To

Jen Barnett Expatsi
Co-founder at Expatsi | Website | + posts

Jen is the co-founder of Expatsi, a company that helps Americans move abroad. She created the Expatsi Test, an assessment that recommends countries for aspiring emigrants based on lifestyle data. Jen has an MBA from Emory University with concentrations in marketing and innovation. She's written for BusinessWeek, Health, Cooking Light, and Southern Living. Prior to Expatsi, she created Freshfully and Bottle & Bone—two businesses in the local food space—and spoke at TEDx on being brave. She's moving to Mexico in 2024, along with her husband and co-founder Brett, pitbull mix Squiggy, and three rotten cats. How can she help you move abroad?

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Jen Barnett Expatsi
Co-founder at Expatsi | Website | + posts

Jen is the co-founder of Expatsi, a company that helps Americans move abroad. She created the Expatsi Test, an assessment that recommends countries for aspiring emigrants based on lifestyle data. Jen has an MBA from Emory University with concentrations in marketing and innovation. She's written for BusinessWeek, Health, Cooking Light, and Southern Living. Prior to Expatsi, she created Freshfully and Bottle & Bone—two businesses in the local food space—and spoke at TEDx on being brave. She's moving to Mexico in 2024, along with her husband and co-founder Brett, pitbull mix Squiggy, and three rotten cats. How can she help you move abroad?